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Author Zhang, X.; Huang, G.H.; Lin, Q.; Yu, H. doi  openurl
  Title Petroleum-contaminated groundwater remediation systems design: A data envelopment analysis based approach Type
  Year 2009 Publication Expert Systems with Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 36 Issue 3, Part 1 Pages 5666-5672  
  Keywords Groundwater remediation systems design; Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA ); Cross-efficiency; Super-efficiency  
  Abstract Groundwater contamination is one of important environmental problems at petroleum-related sites, which is causing more and more attention. It can bring serious adverse effects on the environment and human health. Design of a groundwater remediation system is desired for supporting the management of petroleum-contaminated sites. Due to high remediation cost and extensive alternatives, efficient remediation design needs to be determined. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is an approach to measure the relative efficiencies of decision-making units (DMUs) with multiple inputs and multiple outputs without underlying assumptions. However, few of these studies were applied to the design of groundwater remediation systems, where efficient alternatives for remediation systems design need to be determined. This paper proposes a hybrid decision support approach based on data envelopment analysis to determine the most preferable design alternatives for groundwater remediation systems. The total remediation system cost, amount of additional wells, and manpower requirements will be employed as the input variables, while the removal efficiency and technical feasibility as the output variables. The proposed approach will be applied to a case study of designing a groundwater remediation system at a petroleum-contaminated site in western Canada. The most preferable design alternative can be obtained to provide effective decision support for cleaning up the contaminated site.  
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  Call Number Admin @ admin @ ZhangHuangLinYu2009 Serial 4735  
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